Int Forum Allergy Rhinol. 2015 Nov;5(11):1036-41. doi: 10.1002/alr.21614. Epub 2015 Aug 5.
Expression profile of ADAM10 and ADAM17 in allergic rhinitis.
Chueh HW1, Park SK2, Hur DY3, Bae WY4.
Department of Pediatrics, Dong-A University, College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Inje University, College of Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.
Department of Anatomy and Research Center for Tumor Immunology, Inje University, College of Medicine, Busan Paik Hospital, Busan, Korea.
Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, Dong-A University, College of Medicine, Busan, Korea.
A disintegrin and metalloprotease (ADAM) is a multifunctional gene family that contributes to the homeostasis of the extracellular matrix, transduction of specific intracellular signals, organogenesis, inflammation, tissue remodeling, adhesion, and cell migration. ADAM17 is the best characterized sheddase, with widespread putative substrates, including various inflammatory modulators. ADAM10 is the most similar ADAM to ADAM17 in terms of both protein sequence and the structural properties of their catalytic domains. The objective of this work was to assess the expression of ADAM10 and ADAM17 in allergic rhinitis to gain insight into their respective roles.
The expression of ADAM10 and ADAM17 was investigated in the nasal mucosa under allergic and nonallergic conditions. Tissue samples were evaluated by reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and Western blotting, and data were analyzed semiquantitatively with densitometry.
The ADAM17 messenger RNA (mRNA) level was significantly (p < 0.001) lower in the allergic nasal mucosa than in the nonallergic nasal mucosa, whereas the ADAM10 mRNA level was significantly (p < 0.001) lower in the nonallergic nasal mucosa. The ADAM17 protein levels were also significantly (p < 0.001) lower in the allergic nasal mucosa, whereas the ADAM10 protein levels were lower in the nonallergic nasal mucosa (p = 0.002).
Decreased expression of ADAM17 and increased expression of ADAM10 may contribute to the development of allergic rhinitis through unknown pathways. We suggest that understanding the expression profile of ADAM17 and ADAM10 might help to elucidate the mechanism of allergic rhinitis.
© 2015 ARS-AAOA, LLC.
ADAM10; ADAM17; Western blotting; allergic rhinitis; inferior turbinate; reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction